Periodontics is branch of dentistry that deals with the study and treatment of gums and there various problems , it is the most neglected and at the same time the most important branch of dentistry as gums are the building blocks of the teeth.
If periodontal disease are taken lightly and not treated, it can lead to damaged ligament, distorted structure and bones which support the teeth.
The major cause of this disease are listed below –
Genes – These problems can be hereditary, but that doesn’t mean your suffering is inevitable. You can always take good care of your health and visit your dentist regularly to cure the disease and maintain good oral health.
Smoking – Those who are frequent smokers have a high risk of periodontal diseases. If you already have this disease, smoking makes it worst.
Misaligned Teeth – Any situation that makes brushing and flossing difficult, leads to plaque. Plaque leads to severe gum problem.
Grinding and Gritting – These habits don’t cause periodontal diseases, but if you are already infected, it can add up to your misery.
Stress – Stress leads our immune system to weaken and makes hard for the body to fight the infection.
Hormones – Puberty and pregnancy can temporarily increase the risk and severity of gum disease. So can menopause.
Poor Nutrition – Vitamin C deficiency can cause bleeding gums. Proper diet is necessary for good oral hygiene.